Kunming as the capital city of Yunnan, has
known to be a "City of Eternal Spring”.
More recently, Kunming is also becoming one of the most popular tourist
destinations and distributing center for tourists from Southeast Asian
and South Asian nations in southern China. Hundreds
and thousands of tourists visit Kunming daily.
Kunming serves as the hub of politics, economics and cultural activities
in southwest China. Situated in the center of the Yunnan-Guizhuo
Tibet plateau to the northwest; Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to the
Sichuan to the North and Guizhou to the Northeast.
In Southwest China, Kunming falls
in the Mandarin speaking region because of its fairly large Mandarin
speaking population. Staying in the city will give you plenty of
opportunities to practice what you have learned in the classroom. Check
below for a linguistic map of the region.
Kunming is a city with
long history. The name of
the ancient tribe of
around Dianchi Lake thousands of years ago. From ancient time Kunming
has been a center of politics, economics and culture. During the 3rd
BC, the first civilization was established. General Zhuang Qiao led his
army from the
then Chu Kingdom in central China,
came to the southwest of China and established the Ancient
Dian Kingdom in the
Kunming region. For a long time this had been regarded as a legendary
story, until archaeological excavations
made by scientists in the
in nearby Jingchuan County proved
the mystical and glamorous kingdom that had been described in ancient
really did exist.
When it came to the eighth century, one of
China's most prosperous dynasties,
got on the stage of history.
was from then that Kunming gained
important position in Yunnan. From the 8thCentury
onwards till the Mongol troops conquered the regime in Yunnan, two
kingdoms were established in the
of Yunnan province.
the Nanzhao Kingdom and the
later. As the kingdom became
more and more powerful, the Nanzhao Kingdom
the east of the kingdom,
that's how the name Tuodong, Kunming's
name, came about.
Tuodong literally means
exploring the east. Like the
capital city and
made great efforts
to develop it.
Dali Kingdom was overthrown by the invasion of Mongol troops
led by Kublai
Khan. Tuodong was made the provincial capital for Yunnan after the Yuan
dynasty took over the Song Dynasty. The city grew to be one of the most
important centers of trading and commerce. The Mongolian regime was
overturned by the Han Chinese troops
and the Ming Dynasty was founded
in the 13th Century.
A city wall fortified the
city which is present day
Remnants of these walls were destroyed during wars and battles, and
completed remove in the
when the city was trying to become more like a big city. In the
subsequent Qing dynasty, Kunming was occupied by a local warlord, Wu
After China finished with
feudalism, the Republic of China became the legal government ruling
the most southwest of China, did
its important position in China. Yunnan
development as a huge part of China's east coastal areas were taken over
by Japanese armies. A large amount of factories
plants were moved to Yunnan from the east and middle China. For a period
of time, it was the center of
industries and base of manufacture. Some of the
universities and higher educational institutes were also relocated here.
Three of the most prestigious universities in China of that time,
Beijing University, Tusinghua University and Nankai University joined
together, moved to Kunming and formed the National Southwestern
Associated University, which is today's Yunnan Normal University.
After 1949, the city area of Kunming has been ever increasing,
site of old Kunming is now
but the central
part of Kunming City.
more modern, Kunming has somehow lost
a little of
its flavor as
a national historical and cultural city as old city walls have been tore
down and more and more skyscrapers have
the opening up
and reform policies were launched by the Chinese government in the
middle of 1980’s,
as the capital city of Yunnan province,
has witnessed a tremendous development in its tourism industry and
increasing amount of foreign investment. Infrastructure
has been ongoing.
It was believed by many people that the hosting of The World
Horticultural Exposition in 1999 contributed
to the dramatic changes taking
place in Kunming. Not only
the fair propell the physical improvements of the city, it made Kunming
known all over China and the world.
years, as the relationship between Yunnan and the southeastern
improving, Kunming is becoming an international city, especially to
Southeast Asia. In July,
2005, the second Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Summit was held in
Kunming, marking the ever-important
role played by Kunming in this region.
In terms of
travel resources, there are many places to visit:
The Stone Forest has the
a World Nature Heritage Site and World Geological Park, and
is praised to be the Number One Wonder Under the Heaven.
Museum of Natural Karst Landscape, together with the
unique local ethnic culture, is attracting tens of thousands of people
from all over the world daily.
Kunming's World Horti-Expo Garden is
up to now
the only site for world level exposition in China.
As the legacy left behind after the World Horticultural Exposition held
in Kunming in 1999, it has been developed into a mega ecological theme
park featuring top level horticulture and gardening arts.
The Yunnan Ethnic Village,
of authentic cultural characteristics and traditional
customs, is a one-stop
theme park for you to grasp
an understanding of
the most distinctive ethnic groups in Yunnan in a short time.
The Western Mountain Forest Park integrates beautiful nature,
ancient temples and rare trees planted a
long time ago.
The Grand View Park maintains a famous long couplet with 180 Chinese
characters; one of biggest and heaviest copper temples
is located in the Golden Temple.
Kunming is the perfect place for recreation and holiday. Kunming has the
best golf course with top quality facilities in Asia, plus there is
for you to swing the club.
are available for people who are on their holiday for relaxation;
Kunming is one of China's most important fresh-cut flowers production
It is so interesting that even sea gulls
far away Siberia fly here to enjoy
Guandu Ancient Town
The Guandu Ancient Town was one of the
birthplaces of Yunnan's Ancient Dian Kingdom back
thousands years ago. It is a
place where the authentic Kunming cultures are being maintained. About 5
from downtown Kunming, Guandu Ancient Town is abundant with historical
interests. There are a great number of ancient buildings from different
dynasties from China's history within its 1.5 sq. km
areas. Ancient bridges, pathways, wells and woods can be seen anywhere
you go. There
are temples and typical local authentic Kunming folk residential houses,
is a heaven for photographers
red earth and colorful landscape, and
visited by photographers
as a pilgrimage site. There are many
distinctive and abundant tourist
attractions in Dongchuan.
in various kinds of landforms, there are basins, soaring mountains,
deep valleys. The upper stream of the
Yatse River, the Jingsha River (or the Golden Sand River) runs through
this district. It is just 150 KM
from Kunming City
Dongchuan has long
been famous for its leading position as a base of copper mining in
Yunnan province. It was believed that it was from this region that many
of those copper crafts were made back in
the Ancient Dian Kingdom thousands of years ago.
The newly developed Jiaozi Snow Mountain, has been called the Number One
Mountain in the Middle of Yunnan Province.
It is the closest snow mountain to Kunming City.
Its marvelous natural beauty has been drawing tourists, backpackers and
climbers from different places. There are options like outdoor climbing,
on snow, entertainments, and
It has been honored as number
one of Yunnan's top Five Mountains in central Yunnan. It
spectacular snow mountain, gorgeous landscapes and colorful azalea
flowers. The highland grassy marshland, bamboo and jungle
are among the most famous scenes of
the Jiaozi Snow Mountain. It is
emerging as a popular destination of eco-tourism. It is also believed by
that Yanzi (or Swallow) Cave
in the Jiaozi Snow Mountain was one of the birthplaces of
Yi ethnic groups.